By Hugh Poyntz Malet:-click and read this book:- http://books.google.co.in/books?id=UAsCAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA1&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
Hugh Poyntz MALET
1808 - 1904
Hugh Poyntz Malet,AND THE DISCOVERY OF MATHERAN-HILL STATION:-Matheran was ‘discovered’ by Hugh Poyntz Malet, the collector of Thane district in 1850.
He was camping below in the village of Chowk and climbed up via the spot now known as One Tree Hill. He returned by Rambagh, and on the way down, took some water from a spring on the hilltop. The hilltop still bears his name.
He later built the first house at Matheran, The Byke.
Lord Elphinstone, the governor of Bombay, visited Matheran in 1855 and chose a site for the bungalow still known as Elphinstone Lodge. His patronage made Matheran a popular resort. A kuccha (rough) road up to the resort was completed in 1855 but it was the mountain railway, opened in 1907, which made it easily accessible. The British built two churches here. The Anglican church of St Paul’s is, like the Matheran Club, no longer in use. The Roman Catholic church, however, is still active and the most popular school in the station is St Xavier’s.